The Vauban hut at Carolles seen from the sky at sunsetThe Vauban hut at Carolles seen from the sky at sunset
©The Vauban hut at Carolles seen from the sky at sunset|Philippe Fauvel
Les Cabanes VaubanUnique views over the Bay of Mont-Saint-Michel

Les Cabanes Vauban

Typical of the Manche region, Vauban huts were built at the end of the 17th century to keep watch over the coast.

The Vauban hut in

Carolles

What is a

Vauban cabin?

The cabanes Vauban are small stone guardhouses located along the coast.

Edified in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, the cabanes Vauban are so named in reference to military architect Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, commissioned by Louis XIV to fortify the French coasts.

In 1686, Louis XIV, concerned about the situation in England, commissioned Vauban to inspect and fortify the Normandy coast. After his visit to the Avranchin coast in October 1699, Vauban entrusted the task for this coast to the engineer Ricard. Guardhouses were then built, and captaincies created to manage them. By 1705, there were thirteen capitaineries and seventy corps de garde in the English Channel, responsible for coastal surveillance.

The cabane de Carolles – built on the site of the falaises de Carolles et Champeaux – was part of a chain of guardhouses staggered between Granville and Avranches, enabling the transmission of signals by fire – by night – or smoke – by day – to signal enemy vessels. After the abolition of the captaincies in 1778 and the disaffection of the guardhouses in 1815, the cabane Vauban de Carolles served the douaniers until the early 20th century to watch out for smugglers, such as those who landed at night in the port of Lude.

Did you know?

The roof of the cabane Vauban de Carolles was redone in 1953, and its walls were restored in 1990.

Source: “Le massif granitique de Carolles”, Guide de Carolles, 2015, p. 30.

Other guardhouses

Vauban huts at Champeaux and Bouillon

In addition to the cabane Vauban de Carolles, you’ll find two other stone guardhouses on Destination Granville Terre et Mer: the cabane Vauban de Champeaux, and the corps de garde de Bouillon, on the commune of Jullouville.

We recommend taking the Gr 223 Grande Randonnée trail between the Vauban cabane in Carolles and the one in Champeaux. You’ll then enjoy a breathtaking view of the Baie du Mont-Saint-Michel, and in particular be able to admire the natural spectacle of high tides.

The cabane de Bouillon in Jullouville has just been renovated following the reconstruction launched in September 2021 as part of the safeguarding and preservation of heritage.

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